There are many types. For those who like shrimp, how many do you know?
[Place name] Prawn, prawn, meat shrimp, yellow shrimp (male), green shrimp (female), prawn.
[Morphological characteristics] The body grows and is flat. The female body is 18 to 24 cm long and the male body is 13 to 17 cm long. The carapace is thin, smooth and transparent, the female body is blue-blue, and the male body is brownish yellow. Usually female individuals are larger than males. The whole body of prawn consists of 20 sections, 5 sections on the head, 8 sections on the chest, and 7 sections on the abdomen. Except for the tail section, each section has a pair of appendages. There are 5 pairs of walking feet, the first 3 pairs are pincer-shaped, and the last 2 pairs are claw-shaped. The front edge of the head of the pectoral breast protrudes to form a forehead. The front and bottom edges are jagged.
[Origin, season] is mainly distributed in the Yellow Bohai Sea and the western coast of North Korea. China's Liaoning, Hebei, Shandong Province and Tianjin's coastal areas are important producing areas for shrimp. In the past, there were two spring and autumn seasons in the fishing season, with spring floods from April to June; autumn floods from September to October. Mid to late October is the peak season.
At the end of 70 years, Chinese aquatic science and technology workers broke through the artificial shrimp breeding technology of shrimp and solved the problem of artificially cultivated shrimp. The output is about 200,000 tons, which greatly exceeds the catch in natural waters.
[Economic value] Fresh food can be cooked red lobster prawns, fried prawns, shrimp prawns, pipa prawns, fried shrimps, etc. Processed into dried seafood, dried shrimp and other premium seafood. Chinese shrimp is the main product of China's aquatic products exports.
[Place name] Grass shrimp, flower shrimp, beef-shaped prawn. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations is commonly known as the tiger prawn.
[Morphological characteristics] The body is covered with black-brown, khaki-colored stripes. The upper edge of the frontal angle is 7 to 8 teeth, and the lower edge is 2 to 3 teeth. The frontal sulcus is quite deep and extends behind the upper spine, but the frontal sulcus is low and blunt. There are obvious hepatic spine and no frontal gastric spine.
[Origin and season] The distribution area is very wide, from southern Japan, South Korea, China's coast, the Philippines, Indonesia, Australia, Thailand, India to the eastern coast of Africa. There are two spawning periods in China's coast from February to April and August to November.
[Economic value] is currently the most common breed in the world. Two stubble can be cultivated along the southern coast of China. The shrimp has fast growth, strong adaptability, mixed food habits, and can withstand long-term dry dew, so it is easy to work and transport. The prawn is the largest individual in prawn. The largest individual found is 33 cm long and weighs 500-600 grams. Mature shrimp are generally 22.5 to 32 cm in length and weigh 137 to 211 grams. They are popular with consumers. The nutritional value is similar to other major shrimps.
[Place name] Prawn, white shrimp, red-tailed shrimp, red shrimp, prawn
[Morphological features] The body is light brownish yellow, with 7 to 8 teeth at the upper edge of the forehead and 4 to 6 teeth at the lower edge. The frontal angle of the basal part is higher than that of Chinese prawn and lower than that of Moji prawn. The posterior frontal ridge extends near the posterior edge of the head and breastplate, without a central groove. The first antennae whip is slightly longer than the head breastplate, and the third jaw foot of the male shrimp has long brush-shaped hairs, and its length is 1.2 to 2.7 times that of the second one. There are intermittent dimples on the frontal ridge. The wart process on the top of the female adapter is smaller than that of the prawn.
[Origin and season] It is mainly distributed in the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific from Pakistan to the coast of Indonesia. Fujian, Taiwan and the eastern coast of Guangdong are the most common in China. Sea fishing floods are from October to January each year. At present, it is the main breeding target in coastal areas such as Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, and Hainan.
[Economic value] The body length of the spawning population of Penaeus penaeus is 13-19 cm, and the body weight is 28-80 g. It is one of the large shrimps in prawns. Coastal culture in the south of China for 120 to 150 days, body length can reach more than 12 cm. Compared with other southern shrimp species, this shrimp is more resistant to low temperatures and grows faster at lower temperatures, so it has a wider breeding area. It is a better late-season breed in the south and has better economic benefits. The long-haired prawn shell is thin and susceptible to mechanical damage. The nutritional value is similar to other shrimps.
[Place name] Black shrimp, flower shrimp, lobster, flower foot shrimp, bamboo shrimp, bear shrimp.
[Morphological characteristics] The body is dark brown and has a pattern of horizontal stripes that stop brown and dark yellow. The swimming limbs are purple-red. The upper edge of the frontal angle is 6 to 8 teeth, and the lower edge is 2 to 4 teeth. The frontal angle sulcus extends only to the base of the upper spine, and the center of the posterior frontal angle is obvious. There are obvious hepatic spine and no frontal gastric spine. The first antennae whip is shorter than its handle. The third step is beyond the middle of the second antennae and the fifth step has a small outer limb.
[Origin and season] are distributed in the western Pacific of India, the Red Sea, the southeast coast of Africa, Australia and the coast of Japan. Distributed in the coast south of Fujian in China. Guangdong Yizhu. West of the estuary, the output is higher. The spawning period is from April to May.
[Economic value] Prawn short ditch is one of the large shrimps. Mature shrimps can reach 13 to 20 cm in length and weigh 30 to 120 grams. Less yield. The nutritional value is similar to other shrimps.
[Place name] Pippi shrimp, shrimp rake, shrimp male camel.
[Morphological characteristics] Orchid shrimp pupa is also known as oriental shrimp pupa. The first four sections of the head and abdomen heal, and the back of the head is very obvious. Seven sections of the abdomen, the boundary is also obvious, but larger and wider than the head and chest two, the front of the head has a large pair of compound eyes with handles, two pairs of antennae. The tip of the inner limb of the first pair is divided into three whip-like limbs, and the outer limb of the second pair is scaly. There are five chests; for appendages, the ends are sharply hooked to catch food. The sixth section of the chest, the appendages of the first five sections have gills, the sixth pair of abdominal limbs is developed, and the tail section constitutes the tail fan. The male and female prawns are heterosexual, and the male has a connector at the end of the chest.
[Origin and season] Mantis shrimp is a coastal and coastal species. Mantis shrimps live in shallow cement sands or cracks in reefs, and are distributed on the north and south coasts of China. Mouth shrimp is a unique species of the Bohai Bay, with a large output. According to survey statistics from 1982 to 1983, the annual output is about 2,500 tons. The amount of resources is about 5,000 tons or more. The production period is from April to May each year.
[Economic value] Shrimp soup is delicious and low in price. It is a favorite aquatic product of coastal people. It has also become a popular dish on the tables of hotels and restaurants in coastal cities.
[Place name] Ma shrimp, tiger shrimp, tiger tiger shrimp, mud shrimp, kiwi shrimp, sand shrimp, red claw shrimp.
[Morphological features] The body is light brown, with 6-9 teeth on the upper edge of the frontal angle and no teeth on the lower edge. There is no central sulcus. The whip on the first antennae is about 1/2 of the head and breastplate technique. The back of the first to sixth sections of the abdomen has a longitudinal ridge, and the tail section has no lateral spines. The first pair of gaiters has a spine, and the last pair of gaiters does not have external limbs. The morphological characteristics of the near-end new shrimp are similar to those of the new-head shrimp. The difference is that the abdominal swimming limbs are bright red, the male adaptor is "Y" shaped, the female adaptor is "C" shaped, and the central plate is a platform.
[Origin and season] is mainly distributed in the east coast of Japan, the East China Sea and the South China Sea, the Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia and Australia. The spawning season is from May to August along the coast of China.
[Economic value] The new shrimp prawns and the new shrimp prawns are both small and medium-sized prawns in the economic shrimp category. The body length of the new shrimp is generally 7.5 to 16 cm, and the body length of the new shrimp is 8 to 15 cm. Both shrimps weigh between 4 and 50 grams. The estuary area of Guangdong's coastal areas has higher yields and thinner fat shells, which are two types of shrimp with higher economic value in the genus Neopenae. Guangdong has begun breeding. It can be listed after being raised in Hong Kong for about two months. The fishing survival rate is high, and it is more resistant to transport. It is an important species for fishermen in the Pearl River Estuary to export live shrimp to Hong Kong and Macao. The nutritional value is similar to other shrimps.
[Place name] Hairy shrimp, Red hairy shrimp, Shrimp skin, Water shrimp, White shrimp, Mussel shrimp, White shrimp.
[Morphological characteristics] The body is small, flat on the side, and the body length is 2.5 to 4 cm. Carapace is thin. The forehead is short, the sides are slightly triangular, the lower edge is slightly curved, and the upper edge has two teeth. The caudal segment is short, rounded without spines at the end; the rear half of the side margin and the end margin are feathery. There are only 3 pairs of gait feet and they are tiny pincers. The body is colorless and transparent, except for the mouth part and the touch whip, which is red, and the ventral surface of the sixth ventral segment is slightly red.
[Origin and season] It is distributed along the coast of China, especially in the Bohai coast. The producing areas are mainly Liaoning, Shandong, Hebei, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, and Fujian. The fishing season is March to June and September to December; Zhejiang is March to July; Fujian is January to April; and January to December.
[Economic value] Due to its small body and thin meat, it is suitable for processing into shrimp skin or shrimp paste. The shrimp skins on the market are processed from hair shrimp. There are many ways to eat at home, such as scrambled eggs, boiled winter melon, roasted cabbage or radish, croquettes, fillings and soups.
White tail prawn
[Place name] White shrimp, five-headed shrimp, green shrimp, cashmere shrimp, spring shrimp.
[Morphological characteristics] body length 5-9 cm. The frontal angle is flat and slender, the base has 1/3 crown-like ridges, the upper and lower edges are serrated, the upper edge is 6-9 teeth, and the lower edge is 3-6 teeth. The end of the tail segment is sharp and spiny. Body color is transparent, with slight blue or red spots, darker at the posterior edge of each abdomen. After death the body was white.
[Origin and season] It is even produced in China's coastal areas, especially in the Yellow Sea and Bohai Sea. It can be harvested from April to October every year, and artificial cultivation has begun in recent years.
[Economic value] White-tailed prawn is an important economic shrimp in China's coastal waters, and its output is second only to Chinese shrimp and Chinese hair shrimp. Its meat is tender and delicious. In addition to serving fresh food, it can also be processed into sea rice. Because it is golden yellow, it is also known as "golden shrimp shrimp". Its eggs can be made into shrimp seeds, and it is also a good dried seafood.
[Place name] Malaysian prawn, freshwater gibbon shrimp.
[Morphological characteristics] body hypertrophy, turquoise. There is one pair of appendages in each abdomen, and the tail appendages change into tail fans. The head and chest are thick, and the abdomen gradually tapers backwards. The head and chest consist of 6 heads and 8 breasts, surrounded by a shell. There are 7 sections in the abdomen, and each section is surrounded by a shell. Each pair of appendages has a large change. From front to back, there are two pairs of antennae, three pairs of jaws, three pairs of jaw feet, five pairs of foot feet, five pairs of swimming feet, and one pair of tail fans. Adult males are generally larger than females. The largest males are up to 40 cm in length and weigh 600 g; females are up to 25 cm in length and weigh 200 g. The male second step is particularly large and appears blue.
[Origin and season] It is native to the Indo-Pacific region and lives in various types of freshwater or brackish waters. Since the 1960s, it has been relocated to some countries and regions such as Asia, Europe, and America. It was introduced to Japan from Japan in 1976, and it is currently promoted in more than 10 provinces (cities, districts) in the south, with Guangdong developing fastest.
[Economic value] Large individual, mixed food, fast growth, equivalent to Chinese shrimp; under intensive culture conditions, 10 to 20 commercial shrimp per kg can be grown in six months. It is relatively strong, can withstand catching by hand, and can sell live shrimp. It is a precious product popular with consumers.
P. vannamei is one of the three largest prawns in the world. It has strong disease resistance, fast growth rate, strong resistance to changes in water environment, long life, low bait requirements, long time out of water, convenient transportation and sales, high meat content of shrimp, high market price advantage.