In recent years, the nation's fishery system has actively promoted structural reforms on the supply side of the fishery industry. The fishery economy has developed steadily, and the industry has become greener and more profitable. The adjustment of fishery aquaculture structure was accelerated. In 2018, the area of aquaculture nationwide was 7189.52 thousand hectares, a year-on-year decrease of 3.48%; at the same time, China's aquaculture production continued to grow steadily. On the whole, in recent years, China's fisheries have achieved "significant reductions and increases in income".
Slowdown in total aquatic product output growth
China's aquaculture is one of the fastest growing industries in China's agricultural structure. According to the relevant data of the National Bureau of Statistics, from 2012 to 2015, China's total aquatic product output (including aquaculture and fishing) increased from 54.83 million tons to 61.85 million tons, with a compound annual growth rate of 4.09%. From 2016 to 2018, China's environmental protection efforts have gradually increased. In 2017, China's total output of aquatic products was 64.45 million tons, the growth rate fell rapidly to 0.98%, which was mainly caused by the removal of equipment such as cages that exceeded the aquaculture capacity.
In 2018, the total national aquatic product output was 64.576 million tons, an increase of 0.19% over the previous year. Although the growth rate of China's aquatic products production has slowed down, overall China's total aquaculture production still ranks first in the world.
Fishing VS Aquaculture: 37%
Judging from the structure of aquatic products, at present, China's aquatic products mainly come from aquaculture, and less than 30% of aquatic products from fishing. According to data from China Fisheries Statistics Yearbook, in 2018, the total national aquatic product output was 64.576 million tons, of which aquaculture output was 49.910 million tons, accounting for 77.29%; fishing output was 14.66 million tons, accounting for 22.71%.
Aquaculture: Entering the "stable development" stage of improving quality and efficiency
In terms of production, in 2018, aquaculture production was 49.910 million tons, a year-on-year increase of 1.73%. Among them, the output of fish farming was the highest, reaching 26.937 million tons, accounting for 53.97%; followed by the production of shellfish and crustaceans, with output of 14.6351 million tons and 51.411 million tons, accounting for 29.32% and 10.3% respectively.
In terms of aquaculture area, in 2018, the national aquaculture area was 7189.52 thousand hectares, a year-on-year decrease of 3.48%. Among them, marine aquaculture area was 2043.07 thousand hectares, a year-on-year decrease of 1.97%; freshwater aquaculture area was 5,146.46 thousand hectares, a 4.07% year-on-year decrease; the ratio of marine aquaculture to freshwater aquaculture was 28.4: 71.6.
In February 2018, the Ministry of Agriculture issued the `` Key Points of Work on Fisheries and Fisheries in 2018 '', which clarified the need to accelerate the structural reform of the supply side of fisheries, further promote the adjustment of fisheries transformation and restructuring, and focused on the completion of aquaculture in the main aquaculture-producing counties. The tidal flat planning and publication work was carried out to delimit the restricted areas, restricted areas and breeding areas.
With the continuous deepening of the national aquaculture protection work and the continued stringent environmental protection policies in the future, the area of aquaculture in China will remain basically stable in the future. In the context of the slowdown in the growth of aquatic product output and the stability of aquaculture areas, China's aquaculture industry has entered the stage of "steady development" for improving quality and efficiency from the "high-speed development" period in the past.
Fishing production down by 4.73% in 2018
In terms of fishing output, China's fishing output in 2018 was 14,666,000 tons, a year-on-year decrease of 4.73%. Among them, fish production reached 8.633 million tons and crustacean production reached 2.238 million tons, accounting for 58.86% and 15.26% respectively.
The above data sources refer to the "Analysis Report on the Market Demand Forecast and Investment Strategic Planning of China's Aquatic Products Processing Industry" issued by Foresight Industry Research Institute.